Night Shadows, 1921
Edward Hopper (1882 – 1967)
Born and raised in Nyack, New York, Edward Hopper became one of the best-known painters of 20th-century American genre and landscape. He was especially known for interiors with isolated figures, for rural landscapes and marine scenes. During much of his career, he lived half of the year in Greenwich Village, New York in a row house facing Washington Square and the other half of the year near Truro, Massachusetts on water with a view towards Provincetown.
Hopper, used to water views from childhood, was raised in a home on the Hudson River. He showed early art talent. Following two years of illustration work in 1901, he became a student at the New York School of Art under William Merritt Chase and Robert Henri, the latter being credited by Hopper as his most influential teacher.
In 1907, he went to Paris and was exposed to Impressionism, which affected his interest in light and pattern but did not dissuade him from basic realism with defined shapes, many of them from architecture. Between 1915 and 1928, he completed nearly seventy etchings and drypoints, much influenced by the light-contrast techniques of Rembrandt and Meryon.
In 1929, he spent three weeks in Charleston, South Carolina, and produced eleven watercolors, mostly outdoor landscapes but one a church interior.
Matthew Baigell, Dictionary of American Art
Biography from the Archives of AskART