Street Group, ca. 1923
Jerome Myers (1867 – 1940)
Born in Petersburg, Virginia in 1867, Myers became an important painter of urban realism, starting with a series of images of ghetto life in 1887, the year he began studying at the Cooper Union. One of his earliest works is Backyard from that year, in a private collection, which already shows a raw, unidealized view of New York City. Thus he actually anticipated the productions of the Ash Can School. Myers continued his studies at the Art Students League where his teacher was George de Forest Brush, the academic painter of idealized Native Americans. Brush’s classicism did not rub off on Myers, who had no patience for careful drawing – he was even disturbed by the presence of a studio model, so he completed a series of self-portrait drawings to satisfy the faculty’s requirements. For Myers, the academic experience was too imitative, however he stayed around for eight years. Like artists of the Ash Can School, Myers went directly to the streets of New York for inspiration. He carried a 9″ x 11″ sketch pad wherever he went, like a “day and night prowler in and out of the crowds,” explained Guy Pène du Bois.
By 1895 Myers found a position in the New York Tribune’s art department. Probably because of academic indoctrination, Myers thought it was necessary to travel to Paris. There he shared a room with Solon Borglum and noted the “pathetic ruins of American students who had lingered too long.” Myers realized the trip was not really that helpful, and returned to America: “I asked myself what Paris could give, and the answer was ‘Nothing.’” Later in a newspaper article, Myers was extolled as “the only artist of consequence in the United States, possibly, who had no European training.” (The Globe and Commercial Advertiser, September 28, 1922). He met the influential art dealer William Macbeth, who agreed to exhibit his art and the painter noted “. . . almost overnight, I had become a professional artist,” thanks to this encounter. This led to various exhibitions, including the St. Louis World’s Fair in 1904, where his painting Night Concert won a bronze medal.
In 1908, Macbeth gave Myers his first one-man show in January – a month before the famous exhibition of Robert Henri’s group “The Eight.” In many respects the style of Myers paralleled the gritty urban realism of Henri, George Luks, John Sloan and William Glackens. Although Myers was a friend of Henri, he was not part of the group. Henri regarded Myers’s art as too sentimental, according to William Innes Homer (Robert Henri and His Circle). Milton W. Brown challenged that view when he wrote, “Even though he may have clothed [the East Side milieu] in romance, Myers, in recognizing the life of the poor as a fit subject for art, was acting as a realist.” One might add that much of the imagery of Glackens differs little from the impressionists’ cheerful scenes of people at leisure. Sloan thought it was more a question of Myers being roughly the same age of Henri and thus could not have been a “disciple.” Myers did, however, participate in the Exhibition of Independent Artists in 1910, which Henri and his colleagues organized. Then Myers hosted a group in his studio that was to become American Association of Painters and Sculptors (AAPS) – the group responsible for the Armory Show in 1913. Myers, who exhibited two paintings there along with fifteen drawings, was dismayed that the European art in the show attracted the most attention. In addition, the work turned out to be radical modernist-oriented, excluding the contemporary realists entirely.
Myers returned to the streets of New York, especially the places where immigrants gathered on the Lower East Side. He noted, when the immigrants “merge here with New York, something happens that gives vibrancy I didn’t get in any other place.” He also depicted moment of leisure, for example, at the East River Pier and night concerts in the parks. Myers relished in the outdoor activities of New Yorkers, and at the end of his life he regretted a new distrusting atmosphere in which people tended to stay more at home: “Something is gone. Something is missing. I say to myself, ‘It is the warmth of human contact.’ New Yorkers no longer live in the open.” Myers continued to exhibit and win prizes: five at the National Academy of Design. His works are to be found in major American museums.
Myers is the author of Artist in Manhattan (New York: American Artists Group, Inc., 1940). See also: Du Bois, Guy Pène. “Jerome Myers,” Art and Progress 5 (January 1914): 88-94; Phillips, Duncan. “Jerome Myers,” American Magazine of Art 8 (October 1917): 481-484; Wickey, Harry. Jerome Myers Memorial Exhibition. Exh. cat. New York: The Whitney Museum of American Art, 1941; Brown, Milton W. American Painting from the Armory Show to the Depression. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1955, pp. 26-28; Jerome Myers, An Artist in Manhattan 1867-1940. Exh. cat. With essays by Harry Wickey and Bruce St. John. Delaware Art Center, 13 January – 19 February 1967; Holcomb, Grant. Jerome Myers. Exh. cat. New York: Kraushaar Galleries, 13 April – 2 May 1970; Idem, “The Forgotten Legacy of Jerome Myers (1867-1940): Painter of New York’s Lower East Side,” American Art Journal 9 (May 1977): 78-91.
Biography from the Archives of AskART